Overall, Russia has seen a sharp decline in favorability since 2020. All 18 countries surveyed posted all-time low percentages in positive views of the nation, even as Russia was already viewed relatively unfavourably.
A median of 85 percent across all nations viewed Russia unfavorably this year. In the US, positive views of Russia fell from 15% in 2020 to 7% this year.
Trust in Russian President Vladimir Putin also took a hit, hitting a two-decade low in most places surveyed. Only a median 9 percent across all nations trusted Putin “to do the right thing on world affairs.”
Sixty percent felt the same way about President Biden, even as his ratings fell in most countries during the year.
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Among the 11 NATO member states and Sweden, a median of two-thirds had positive views of the military alliance. Swedish attitudes towards NATO have become increasingly positive in the last six years. In 2016, only 58% of Swedes surveyed had favorable views of NATO; the number gradually rose to around 70 percent in 2021. Even during the polling weeks in 2022, the numbers rose even higher, from 77 percent in early March to 84 percent in mid-April.
Views of the United States remained largely positive at around 60 percent, according to the survey. But while a median 79 percent found the United States “a reliable partner,” a similar percentage described American partisan conflict as strong or very strong. In most countries surveyed, views on the trustworthiness of the United States as a partner strengthened during the year, including 25 percent in South Korea.
In Poland, US ratings are at an all-time high; only 3 percent of those surveyed had an unfavorable view of the nation. That compares with more than 30 percent with unfavorable American views in Germany, Canada and the United Kingdom, for example.
The Pew Research Center singled out Poland, which the center said had seen a “dramatic shift in attitudes” since the Russian invasion of Ukraine. Ninety-four percent of Poles surveyed “have no trust” in Putin and see Russia as a major threat, up from 65 percent in 2018.
At the same time, Poland, formerly part of the Soviet Union’s Eastern Bloc and now a member of both NATO and the EU, recorded record views over the United States, the EU and NATO.
Associate Director of Global Attitudes Research Jacob Poushter told The Washington Post that “Polish attitudes toward foreign affairs are affected by domestic political considerations.”
In general, he said, people who hold unfavorable views of the ruling Law and Justice (PiS) party tend to view the EU more favorably, saying the 27-member bloc promotes prosperity and respects Polish values. And the same goes for the opposite.
The 2022 Global Attitudes Survey data collection involved nearly 20,000 adults in 18 countries, including Canada, Sweden, Singapore, Israel, Poland, and France, between mid-February and mid-May, and data collection in most countries began shortly after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. . The United States was also surveyed on views of Russia and NATO.